# Pattern-1: Rectangular Star Pattern

Problem Statement: Given an integer N, print the following pattern.

Examples:

```Example 1:
Input: N = 3
Output:
* * *
* * *
* * *

Example 2:
Input: N = 6
Output:
* * * * * *
* * * * * *
* * * * * *
* * * * * *
* * * * * *
* * * * * *
```

### Solution

Disclaimer: Don’t jump directly to the solution, try it out yourself first.

Problem Link

### Approach:

There are 4 general rules for solving a pattern-based question:

• We always use nested loops for printing the patterns. For the outer loop, we count the number of lines/rows and loop for them.
• Next, for the inner loop, we focus on the number of columns and somehow connect them to the rows by forming a logic such that for each row we get the required number of columns to be printed.
• We print the ‘*’ inside the inner loop.
• Observe symmetry in the pattern or check if a pattern is a combination of two or more similar patterns.

In this particular problem, we run the outer loop for N times since we have N rows to be printed, the inner loop also runs for N times as we have to print N stars in each row. This way we get a rectangular star pattern (square) with an equal number of rows and columns.

Code:

## C++ Code

``````#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;

void pattern1(int N)
{
// This is the outer loop which will loop for the rows.
for (int i = 0; i < N; i++)
{
// This is the inner loop which here, loops for the columns
// as we have to print a rectangular pattern.
for (int j = 0; j < N; j++)
{
cout << "* ";
}

// As soon as N stars are printed, we move to the
// next row and give a line break otherwise all stars
// would get printed in 1 line.
cout << endl;
}
}

int main()
{
// Here, we have taken the value of N as 5.
// We can also take input from the user.
int N = 5;

pattern1(N);

return 0;
}
``````

Output

* * * * *
* * * * *
* * * * *
* * * * *
* * * * *

## Java Code

``````class Main {
static void pattern1(int N)
{
// This is the outer loop which will loop for the rows.
for (int i = 0; i < N; i++)
{
// This is the inner loop which here, loops for the columns
// as we have to print a rectangular pattern.
for (int j = 0; j < N; j++)
{
System.out.print("* ");
}

// As soon as N stars are printed, we move to the
// next row and give a line break otherwise all stars
// would get printed in 1 line.
System.out.println();
}
}

public static void main(String[] args) {

// Here, we have taken the value of N as 5.
// We can also take input from the user.
int N = 5;
pattern1(N);
}
}
``````

Output

* * * * *
* * * * *
* * * * *
* * * * *
* * * * *

Special thanks to Priyanshi Goel for contributing to this article on takeUforward. If you also wish to share your knowledge with the takeUforward fam, please check out this articleIf you want to suggest any improvement/correction in this article please mail us at [email protected]