Difference between Multitasking and Multiprocessing


Multitasking is an extension of multiprogramming. In multitasking, a specific time slot is given to each process to run. This increases responsiveness. 

 Multiprocessing is an operating system that supports multiple processors. It makes the computer run faster because all the programs are distributed to various processors.


This article discussed the difference between multitasking and multiprocessing 


The differences between multitasking and multiprocessing are :

The simultaneous execution of more than one task is known as multitasking.In multiprocessing, we use more than one processor which executes several sets of instructions parallel.
Only one CPU is requiredMore than one CPU is required.
Only one job is executed at a timeMore than one job is executed at a time.
It takes a moderate amount of timeIt takes less time
It is economicalIt is also economical
It has more than one number of usersIt has either one or more users 
It has moderate throughputIt has a maximum throughput
Multitasking’s efficiency is moderate Multiprocessing’s efficiency is maximum
It is classified into two: Single user multitasking and multiple user multitasking It is classified into two: Symmetric multiprocessing and asymmetric multiprocessing.
It has more than one user tasks It has one or more than one user tasks 


In multiprocessing, there is more than one processor present in the system that can execute more than one process at the same time. In multitasking each process is assigned some specific quantum of time for which a process is meant to execute.

Special thanks to Ami Jangid for contributing to this article on takeUforward. If you also wish to share your knowledge with the takeUforward fam, please check out this article