**Problem Statement:** Given a number, print all the divisors of the number. A divisor is a number that gives remainder as zero when divided.

**Examples:**

Example 1:Input:n = 36Output:1 2 3 4 6 9 12 18 36Explanation:All the divisors of 36 are printed.Example 2:Input:n = 97Output:1 97Explanation:Since 97 is a prime number, only 1 and 97 are printed.

**Solution**

** Disclaimer**:

*Don’t jump directly to the solution, try it out yourself first.*

**Solution 1:**

**Intuition:**

As we know the divisors of a number will definitely be lesser or equal to the number, all the numbers between 1 and the number, are the possible candidates for the divisors.

**Approach**:

- This is the basic approach. As we know the possible candidates, we iterate upon all the candidates and check whether they divide the actual number.
- If it divides, then it is one of the divisors. Therfore, we print it.
- If it does not divide, then it is not a divisor. We do this for all the candidates.

**Code**:

## C++ Code

```
#include<iostream>
using namespace std;
void printDivisorsBruteForce(int n){
cout<<"The Divisors of "<<n<<" are:"<<endl;
for(int i = 1; i <= n; i++)
if(n % i == 0)
cout << i << " ";
cout << "\n";
}
int main(){
printDivisorsBruteForce(36);
return 0;
}
```

**Output:**

The Divisors of 36 are:

1 2 3 4 6 9 12 18 36

**Time Complexity:** O(n), because the loop has to run from 1 to n always.

**Space Complexity:** O(1), we are not using any extra space.

## Java Code

```
import java.util.*;
public class Solution{
public static void main(String[] args){
printDivisorsBruteForce(36);
}
static void printDivisorsBruteForce(int n){
System.out.println("The Divisors of "+n+" are:");
for(int i = 1; i <= n; i++)
if(n % i == 0)
System.out.print(i + " ");
System.out.println();
}
}
```

**Output:**

The Divisors of 36 are:

1 2 3 4 6 9 12 18 36

**Time Complexity:** O(n), because the loop has to run from 1 to n always.

**Space Complexity:** O(1), we are not using any extra space.

**Solution 2:**

**Intuition:**

- The above method takes O(n) time complexity. We can also think of another approach. If we take a closer look, we can notice that, the quotient of a division by one of the divisors is actually another divisor. Like, 4 divides 36. The quotient is 9, and 9 also divides 36.
- Another intuition is that, the root of a number actually acts as a splitting part of all the divisors of a number.
- Also the quotient of a divison by any divisor gives an equivalent divisor on the other side. Like, 4 gives 9 while dividing 36. See the image below.

**Approach**:

- From the intuition, we can come to a conclusion that we don’t need to traverse all the candidates and if we found a single divisor, we can also find another divisor(Here, we need to be careful, if the given number is perfect square, like 36, 6 also give 6 as quotient. This is a corner case.)
- By keeping these in mind, it is enough if we traverse upto the root of a number. Whenever we find a divisor, we print it and also print the quotient. If the quotient is same, we ignore it. Because, root of a perfect square will give same quotient as itself.
- The quotients are the numbers that are on the other side of the root. So, its okay if we stop traversing at root.
- This approach is time efficient than the previous one. But the output sequences are not same. In the previous approach, we get an ordered output unlike here.

**Code:**

## C++ Code

```
#include<iostream>
#include<cmath>
using namespace std;
void printDivisorsOptimal(int n){
cout<<"The Divisors of "<<n<<" are:"<<endl;
for(int i = 1; i <= sqrt(n); i++)
if(n % i == 0){
cout << i << " ";
if(i != n/i) cout << n/i << " ";
}
cout << "\n";
}
int main(){
printDivisorsOptimal(36);
return 0;
}
```

**Output:**

The Divisors of 36 are:

1 36 2 18 3 12 4 9 6

**Time Complexity:** O(sqrt(n)), because everytime the loop runs only sqrt(n) times.

**Space Complexity: **O(1), we are not using any extra space.

## Java Code

```
import java.util.*;
public class Solution{
public static void main(String[] args){
printDivisorsOptimal(36);
}
public static void printDivisorsOptimal(int n){
System.out.println("The divisors of "+n+" are:");
for(int i = 1; i <= (int)Math.sqrt(n); i++)
if(n % i == 0){
System.out.print(i + " ");
if(i != n/i) System.out.print(n/i + " ");
}
System.out.println();
}
}
```

**Output:**

The Divisors of 36 are:

1 36 2 18 3 12 4 9 6

**Time Complexity:** O(sqrt(n)), because everytime the loop runs only sqrt(n) times.

**Space Complexity: **O(1), we are not using any extra space.

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